There are various federal bodies and initiatives that seek to address issues of labor laws. These organizations work with employment lawyers to seek a better legal framework to protect the relationship between employers and employees. An employment lawyer may either work for or with these organizations. These bodies are described below.
US Department of Labor
The US department of labor is the main federal body that handles issues relating to labor. It handles issues related with unemployment, retirement, work condition, health care of employees, changes in employment environment, labor unions and labor hours. They work with employment lawyers, employer organizations, employee unions, politicians and the general public to provide the ideal environment for employees and employers.
US Bureau of Labor Statistics
The US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a branch of the federal government that collects a wide variety of statistics related to employment. They collect information about market salary and wage rates for different professions, work conditions in the private and public sectors and suites related to employment. The statistics collected are important for federal decisions relating to labor. The organization works with labor unions, employment lawyers and other labor stake holders to get accurate information for government decision making. An employment lawyer can also utilize the statistics from this organization for his or her research and other legal works.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a federal body that seeks to enforce discrimination laws. Certain special groups of people are protected by the federal law against discrimination by employers. These special groups of people include physically challenged individuals, gender discrimination, pregnancy discrimination, race discrimination and religious discrimination. The federal law also protects against discriminating individuals who above the age of forty years old. The EEOC seeks to enforce these laws by making employees aware of their rights and auditing employers to ensure that they adhere to these laws. An employment lawyer may seek help from this organization when tackling a discriminatory case.
Agricultural Labor Affairs Coordinator (ALAC) – Agricultural Labor Laws
The ALAC works under the umbrella of the Office of the Chief Economist. The association is a federal body that works to review and coordinate all issues that affect agriculture labor. It handles issues to do with prolonged labor hours during harvest period, health issues affecting laborers in the agriculture sector, migration of laborers and minimum wages for employees in the agriculture sector among many other agriculture related issues.
Child Labor Organization
There are many bodies, federal laws and state laws that seek to protect children against child labor. The child labor provisions of the Act gives strict guidelines in terms of hours of work and conditions of work for children under the age of 16 years. The 17 hazardous occupations order provides what is safe for such children. Besides federal and state initiatives, there are international laws that protect children from illegal child labor.
Internet Related Federal Employment Initiatives
The E-law advisers are internet based advisers who provide legal advice to citizens seeking to get such advice. The websites take questions and answer them within a given period of time. Individuals can also seek answers from past questions asked by others with a similar need. An employment lawyer may volunteer time to provide answers for questions posed in these websites.